What is Shoto-Kaï?
Shoto-Kaï is a Japanese style of Karate that emphasizes physical flexibility and the spiritual aspects of the art. Shigeru Egami, the principal student and successor of Master Funakoshi, developed this style. Shoto-Kaï places great emphasis on efficiency through the practice of natural and fluid movement, strong spiritual connection with one's opponent, and meditation. It revives those aspects of the art which were neglected during the ``boom years'' of Karate in the West (1950s-1970s). Master Egami felt that many modern Karate practitioners became too focused on competition and on the physical-fitness aspects of the practice. For a detailed discussion of the past forty years of development of Karate, see the excellent book by Master Egami ``The Heart of Karate-Do''.

Shoto-Kaï and Shoto-Kan
The Karate taught by Master Funakoshi became known as Shoto-Kan. (Shoto was a pen name under which he published poetry; Shoto-Kan was the name of the dojo in Tokyo). The ``fluid'' style of Master Egami was known as Shoto-Kaï. Shoto-Kaï evolved from Shoto-Kan, with the basic philosophy outlined above.

Shoto-Kaï Today
Shoto-Kaï arrived in Europe with Tetsuji Murakami, who studied under Master Egami in the mid 1960s. Master Murakami established many clubs in France, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Yugoslavia, and Switzerland, with the main center in Paris, France.
Sensei Borko Jovanović studied under Master Murakami from 1971 until the Master's death in 1987. Five black belts in the United States studied under Sensei Borko: Mark Bannon, John Shaw, Daniel Leonard, William Baxter and Tom Ryder.

Your Practice
The essence of martial arts is in the mind. We all come into the world with different physical capabilities. Sports and physical education classes will help you develop a strong and healthy body. However, martial arts entail much more than physical strength. This simple fact is easy to forget.
Without developing your mind properly, you cannot succeed in life. A job interview, a business deal, an exam, a love affair, or a family problem; these often resemble a battle in which there is much to lose and sometimes something to gain. An uneven mind full of fear, hatred, or ignorance, invites repeated failure.
During practice you should try to develop an open, even awareness of what is going on, leaving the judgments and questions for later. Outside of practice this same attitude will help you live better, achieve more, and understand what is ``really'' going on. Through practice, one can avoid the harmful extremes of fear, anger, insecurity, and excessive self confidence.

Your Teacher
Borko Jovanović is an Associate Professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. He received an M.S. in Applied Mathematics from Northeastern University, Boston, and a Ph.D. in Biostatistics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He was an Assistant Professor of Biostatistics in the School of Public Health at the University of Illinois, Chicago from 1989 through 1998. His Karate practice began in 1969, and he studied under Master Murakami from 1971 to~1987, receiving a 1st-degree black belt in~1976 and a 2nd-degree black belt in~1981. He taught Karate at the University of Massachusetts (1981-1989), and at UIC (1991-1998), and now has a dojo in Evanston.